From: Live Kindly
OAKLAND JUST BANNED EXOTIC ANIMALS IN ENTERTAINMENT
One hundred years ago, after learning about the inherent abuse and violence perpetrated against animals forced to perform in circuses, Oakland California’s most iconic figure, Jack London—author and social activist—wrote two novels (“Jerry of the Islands” and “Michael, Brother of Jerry”) to spread awareness to the public about performing animals.
In the foreword for these novels, he wrote, “I have a strong stomach and a hard head, but what turns my head and makes my gorge rise is the cold-blooded, conscious deliberate cruelty and torment that is manifest behind ninety-nine of every hundred trained-animal turns. Cruelty as a fine art, has attained its perfect flower in the trained-animal world — a body of cruelty so horrible that I am confident no normal person exists who, once aware of it, could ever enjoy looking on at any trained-animal turn.”