Commemorating The Sanctuary's Vibrant History


Elephant Sanctuary is Founded

The Elephant Sanctuary is founded on 220 acres in Hohenwald, Tennessee by Carol Buckley and Scott Blais. Tarra, a former performing elephant, is the first resident. Construction of the first barn is also completed.


Barbara Arrives!

Barbara, a former circus elephant, is the second elephant to find sanctuary in Tennessee.


Jenny Arrives!

Thanks to an emergency fundraising campaign, elephant Jenny is brought to The Sanctuary from a Nevada animal shelter.


Barn for Asian Elephants is Built

A brand-new, six-stall barn is constructed to care for the Asian elephants.


Shirley and Jenny Reunited

Elephant Shirley arrives on July 6, 1999. After 25 years apart, Shirley and Jenny immediately recognize one another from their previous lives as circus elephants.


The First Elecam is Live

The first EleCam—a live-streaming video feed from the elephants’ habitat—goes live on elephants.com.


Bunny Arrives!

Bunny retires to The Sanctuary from Meskar Park Zoo.


Sissy Arrives!

Labeled a dangerous elephant, Sissy arrives at The Sanctuary after a public outcry regarding her treatment at the El Paso Zoo.


Winkie Arrives!

Winkie arrives, also with a reputation for being dangerous. Sissy takes Winkie under her wing and helps her adjust to life in The Sanctuary.


Elephant Documentary Airs

PBS airs The Urban Elephant featuring Shirley and Jenny's reunion story. The piece is later awarded an Emmy and goes viral on YouTube.


New Land for The Sanctuary

The Sanctuary expands to 2,700 acres, making it the largest natural-habitat refuge for captive Asian and African elephants in North America.


Tina Arrives!

Elephant Tina journeys 3,000 miles to The Sanctuary from Vancouver, B.C.


Delhi Arrives!

Delhi becomes the first-ever elephant to be confiscated by the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. Upon arrival at The Sanctuary, she spends eight months in quarantine while undergoing treatment for tuberculosis, then joins the founding Asian herd.


Sanctuary Welcomes First African Elephants

Upon completion of a barn and fencing for African elephants, Tange and Zula arrive from Chehaw Wild Animal Park in Albany Georgia, and Flora is retired by her owner, David Balding. These three elephants became the first African elephants to retire in Tennessee.


Lota and Misty Arrive!

Elephants Lota and Misty arrive at The Sanctuary after USDA orders their transferal from the Hawthorn Corporation, a company that leased animals to circuses.


New Asia Barn and Fencing is Built

A new Asia barn and fencing for 1200-acre habitat is constructed; the founding herd of Asian elephants migrates over to Asia. The Phase II barn is then converted to a full Quarantine facility (Q) to accommodate members of the Hawthorn herd—all of which arrive having been exposed to tuberculosis.


Eight New Elephants Arrive!

Lottie, Minnie, Queenie, Liz, Debbie, Ronnie, Billie, and Frieda are retired to The Sanctuary in the largest-ever government-sanctioned transferal of circus elephants.


In a tragic accident, Caregiver Joanna Burke died from injuries sustained by an elephant.


Dulary Arrives!

Dulary is retired to The Sanctuary from the Philadelphia Zoo, and makes fast friends with Tarra, Misty, and Delhi.


Sanctuary Welcomes Ned!

USDA confiscates elephant Ned and places him in the sanctuary to recover from his medical ailments. The first and only bull elephant at The Elephant Sanctuary to date, his health condition was so severe, he passed away six months after retiring to The Sanctuary.


Tarra and Bella Go Viral

CBS News airs a story on the unique friendship between elephant Tarra and her loyal canine companion, Bella. The story goes viral on YouTube. Bella passed away in 2011.


Welcome Center Opens

The Welcome Center on Main Street in Hohenwald opens to the public. Administrative staff moves into office space built to LEED standards.


New EleCams are Installed

Fourteen new solar-powered cameras are mounted throughout The Sanctuary grounds, offering live-streaming video of all three elephant habitats via the EleCam platform at elephants.com


Billie Allows Her Chain To Be Removed

Billie allows care staff to remove the last remnant of circus life from her body: a chain around her ankle.


Shirley Turns 65!

The third-oldest Asian elephant in North America, Shirley turns 65. The Sanctuary throws her a birthday party––celebrated jointly via the Internet with those who knew her in Monroe, Louisiana (her former zoo home).


Last Chain on Billie Published

Carol Bradley publishes her non-fiction book focusing on Sanctuary resident Billie, Last Chain on Billie: How One Extraordinary Elephant Escaped the Big Top.


Picoult Novel Inspired by Sanctuary is Published

New York Times-bestselling author Jodi Picoult releases Leaving Time, a novel that describes a fictional sanctuary whose elephants are based on the true stories of those residing at The Elephant Sanctuary in Tennessee.


The Sanctuary's 20th Anniversary

Celebrating 20 years of providing herd, home, rest, refuge, and individualized care for life to retired captive elephants in North America, as well as raising public awareness of the complex needs and challenges of elephants.


Hadari Arrives!

On September 24th, Hadari—a 33-year-old African retires to The Elephant Sanctuary in Tennessee from the Nashville Zoo, joining Flora and Tange in The Sanctuary’s Africa habitat.


Sukari and Rosie Arrive!

Two African elephants Sukari (31) and Rosie (44) retire from the Nashville Zoo on November 4, and November 5, respectively. At The Sanctuary, they are reunited with Hadari.

Current Residents

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